First of all, hyperpigmentation is a stubborn and bothersome condition, and one that can affect both sexes and all races. While it is common for people in their middle age, hyperpigmentation can affect younger people as well. Hyperpigmentation is displayed as darker skin. There are several causes, and before treating hyperpigmentation, you must go through a detailed and comprehensive analysis of your skin, in order to detect the root of the problem, and how to cure it the best.
Causes for Hyperpigmentation
Causes and types of hyperpigmentation can be categorized in three main groups.
The first one is post inflammatory, a condition that affects the skin after an injury from acne lesions, burns, professional skin treatments or psoriasis. As the skin regenerates, the condition fades.
Lentigines are the second group, and they are known as age or liver spots. They become more prevalent as you age, and are found in many people over 60 years old. However, they are not caused by the aging process. Instead, they are the result of UV exposure.
Melasma is the last group, and one that is caused by hormonal fluctuations. In most cases, this happens during pregnancy, or affects people with thyroid dysfunction.
How to cure it?
There are many ways to cure hyperpigmentation, but we will name the most common ones. For starters, you need to get a prescription for a topical application that contains alpha hydroxyl acids and retinoids. Both of these ingredients exfoliate and rejuvenate your skin, and are helpful tools in the battle with hyperpigmentation. There are four types of topical application you can get and those are: hydroquinone (the only approved by the FDA), kojic acid, azelaic acid, and mandelic acid.
Another form for curing hyperpigmentation is a professional procedure. This is the next step, if the topical applications don’t help. But before you consider a procedure, consult with your dermatologist, who will suggest and recommend the best one for you. There are three types of procedures, and those are Intense Pulsed Light therapy, Laser skin resurfacing and Skin peels. Each procedure is recommended for different situations. Therefore, it is essential to consult a professional.
One common and popular way of curing hyperpigmentation is to look for a microdermabrasion treatment. You can do them in cosmetic salons. However, try to see a professional and experienced practitioner.
As with many disorders, home remedies are always an option. For hyperpigmentation, home remedies include lemon juice, aloe vera, rose hip oil and sliced and pureed juice of cucumber. You need to apply any of the remedies on the affected areas.
Once you have managed to cure and stabilize hyperpigmentation, it is essential that you prevent yourself and take the necessary precautions.
First and foremost, you must limit your exposure to UV rays. Also, don’t use tanning beds, and limit your time outside. When you are out on the sun, always apply sunscreen before going out. And if the sun is too strong, do not forget your hat and clothes with long sleeves.
Another form of prevention is taking medicaments and medications. This also includes keeping track of medications that contain hormones. Hyperpigmentation can occur as a result to your taking medicaments with hormones. If that is the case, switch to a new medicament.